Creating defensible space is essential to improve your home’s chance of surviving a wildfire. It’s the buffer you create between a building on your property and the grass, trees, shrubs, or any wildland area that surround it. This space is needed to slow or stop the spread of wildfire and it protects your home from catching fire—either from direct flame contact or radiant heat. Defensible space is also important for the protection of the firefighters defending your home.
Defensible Space Zones
Zone 1 extends 30 feet* out from buildings, structures, decks, etc.
- Remove all dead plants, grass and weeds (vegetation).
- Remove dead or dry leaves and pine needles from your yard, roof and rain gutters.
- Trim trees regularly to keep branches a minimum of 10 feet from other trees.
- Remove branches that hang over your roof and keep dead branches 10 feet away from your chimney.
- Relocate wood piles into Zone 2.
- Remove or prune flammable plants and shrubs near windows.
- Remove vegetation and items that could catch fire from around and under decks.
- Create a separation between trees, shrubs and items that could catch fire, such as patio furniture, wood piles, swing sets, etc.
Zone 2 extends 100 feet out from buildings, structures, decks, etc.
- Cut or mow annual grass down to a maximum height of 4 inches.
- Create horizontal spacing between shrubs and trees. (See diagram)
- Create vertical spacing between grass, shrubs and trees. (See diagram)
- Remove fallen leaves, needles, twigs, bark, cones, and small branches. However, they may be permitted to a depth of 3 inches.
* San Diego County requires 50 feet of clearance in Zone 1. Check with your local fire department for any additional defensible space or weed abatement ordinances.
Plant and Tree Spacing
Remove all tree branches at least 6 feet from the ground.
Allow extra vertical space between shrubs and trees. Lack of vertical space can allow a fire to move from the ground to the brush to the tree tops like a ladder.
To determine the proper vertical spacing between shrubs and the lowest branches of trees, use the formula below.
Example: A five foot shrub is growing near a tree. 3×5 = 15 feet of clearance needed between the top of the shrub and the lowest tree branch.
Horizontal spacing depends on the slope of the land and the height of the shrubs or trees. Check the chart below to determine spacing distance.
The good news is that you don’t need to spend a lot of money to make your landscape fire-safe. And fire-safe landscaping can increase your property value and conserve water while beautifying your home
CUSTOMER NOTICE UPDATE September 5, 2018
WATER SAMPLES SHOW NO COLIFORM
Dear Water Customer:
On August 21, 2018 we informed you of our plan to do a light chlorination of certain parts of our water service area to cure a recent occurrence of total coliform bacteria. As a reminder, the tests detected total coliform, which exists in the environment, but were negative for disease causing bacteria such as E-coli.
Following two weeks of chlorination, follow up samples show the chlorine was effective; there is no coliform present. We have discontinued chlorination. With the seasonal high water usage we are experiencing, we estimate the remaining residual chlorine will be flushed from the water lines within a week. Once the chlorine is eliminated we will again, sometime next week, submit samples to the lab.
We will inform you of the sample results only if they again show the presence of total coliform. Otherwise, you may consider that the tests show that the water is back to normal.
My contact information is below if you have questions or if we can provide more information.
You may also email email@example.com and I can respond from there.
Thank you for your patience and understanding during this process.
Olympic Water and Sewer inc.
781 Walker Way
Port Ludlow, WA 98365
The following has been received from our local Fire Chief:
Good Afternoon, et al.,
I must first apologize for the length of this email, and any perceived delays on my response to the grass/fire hazard issue on the closed 9 golf course. I would like everyone to be explicitly clear that regardless of any perceptions, insinuations or other beliefs that this issue is not critically important to myself, or the incredible staff (administration, Fire Commissioners or firefighters) of your Port Ludlow Fire District. I want to assure you that we are absolutely committed to the safety and protection of each and every person in our fantastic community.
I have gone through the emails I have received or been sent in an attempt to encompass as many stakeholders into this email as I can. Unfortunately, I am sure there are some I have missed or am not aware of that have a vested, or general, interest in this issue. Please forward this to anyone you may think would want to be included.
Over the recent weeks, there has been a very active discussion regarding the vegetation on the closed 9 course at various levels; email groups, social groups and within the PLVC committee structure. Unfortunately, with so many people involved, it is pretty much impossible to coordinate a well-represented meeting to address the fire danger concerns. It is important to ensure the input is based on facts, research, expertise and an interactive conversation to address the particulars and details of the issue. As we know, email is a great way to get information out, but unfortunately it is one dimensional and is open to interpretation, personal bias, distraction/deflection/rhetoric and amending of addressee’s. I realize there is a lot of passion and emotion invested in this issue and I do not want to minimize anyone’s position on the subject. However, I also understand that there will be some that do not agree with my findings, which is absolutely fine. The beauty of our country is the freedom of opinion and free speech.
On Tuesday August 28th, I visited the entire closed 9 Golf Course with Chief Brian Tracer and Chief Don Svetich. For those that are not aware of the names, I am your local Fire Chief (Port Ludlow Fire) who has a vast experience in the fire service for over 30 years (Including an extensive background with California Wildfires). Chief Tracer is the appointed Jefferson County Fire Marshal, through the Jefferson County Department of Community Development. Chief Svetich has an exceptional background in Wildland Firefighting, here on the Olympic Peninsula and Nationally, and is the Jefferson County Fire Chief’s expert in Wildland Firefighting. I give you this VERY brief overview, as I want to assure you that I solicited reputable fire service perspectives for my response. I have taken into consideration numerous sources of information to include, but not limited to: emails, mailings sent to my office (with pictures), input from the aforementioned Chief Officers, in field observations and examinations of the course, the safety and protection of our community, accessibility to the area for fire service apparatus, fire history in the area, fuel models, topography, and a number of other considerations, some of which depend on a deeper understanding of fire dynamics that are not readily explained in an email.
Before we toured the golf course, I only informed the other Chiefs that there is concern from some of the community members regarding the fire danger and PLA’s plan to allow the natural landscape to retake the golf course. During the infield inspection, we got out periodically and walked the area, checking the fuels, soil, weather, etc. When we completed the tour, there was consensus that the 8 foot mow strip PLA is doing, in conjunction with the 6 foot cart path (totaling an average of 12-14 feet) is an acceptable barrier to the conditions we observed. This took into account the higher fuel moistures in the timber line and the green belt the homeowners have between their homes and the course. One may argue that the mowing hasn’t been completed in a while and needs to be re-done. However, it is obvious that it was not mowed long ago, and it does not take long for the grass to grow back. However, with the weather as it is, I would not recommend any mowing under current conditions.
I’ve attached Mrs. Oemichen’s email below, as she points out some very valid points. We, the community, have a responsibility to do our part in preventing fires. I definitely want to point out that the homeowners are doing a fantastic part by maintaining the greenbelts on their properties. Our community enjoys the beauty of our location. It is in what the fire service considers a “Wildland Urban Interface (WUI),” which means we live in a rural, forested terrain that abuts to our properties and the fire hazard will always be a risk. Mrs. Oemichen’s email lists some great resources for research and awareness (again, my reason for attaching her email). As Edgewood is a Fire Wise community, there is much we can do individually to reduce the risk, but the risk will never be alleviated in our community.
I appreciate those that have provided input and guidance. As stated earlier, I’m keenly aware of the level of passion, emotion and vested interest in this issue. I know some will appreciate my response and some will oppose it. Just understand that my response is based on the risk assessment, period. I am and always have been a very open and transparent Fire Chief, with a high level of ethics, values and professionalism.
Brad Martin – MS, EFO, EMT-P
Port Ludlow Fire & Rescue
7650 Oak Bay Road
Port Ludlow, WA 98365
(360) 437-2236 Bus.
(360) 774-6311 Cell
(866) 367-2291 Confidential fax
—– Forwarded Message —–
From: Brett and Sue Oemichen <firstname.lastname@example.org>To: Brett and Sue Oemichen Mon, 20 Aug 2018 13:14:42 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Fire Prevention Information
After hearing about the concerns for grass fires in our area, I decided to do educate myself on the potential issue. Here is what I have learned:
Grass, brush, and forest fires have two causes – natural and human. Lightning is the main cause of natural grass, brush, and forest fires and accounts for 4% of total fire numbers. Fortunately, lightning is not a common occurrence on the peninsula.
Human causes account for over 90% of grass and wild fires.
Fortunately, we have no campfires on the “closed nine”; a burning ban is in effect for the entire peninsula so there should be no burning of debris; and typically those who walk on the “closed nine” do not smoke while exercising. Arson is an unpredictable and uncontrollable cause. The “closed nine” is an area unknown to most not from Port Ludlow. It is difficult to predict if anyone in Port Ludlow would intentionally start a fire on the “closed nine”. I would hope not.
Grass and pine needles are considered light fuels for wild fires. Light fuels lose moisture quickly with a low relative humidity. After reading this, I checked the relative humidity (RH) at our home (which is near the “closed nine”) at 5:30 pm. It was 85%. This morning at 7:00 am it was 95%. I plan to monitor the RH at our home throughout the next week. Again luckily for us, we very rarely have temperatures over 80 near our home (and close to the “closed nine”) and the relative humidity usually does not get very low.
There are several websites to get more information on grass and wildfires. NFPA has very good information for homeowners on fire prevention and fire protection. The following is from the NFPA:
Edgewood Village is a certified Firewise Community. The following is from the NFPA website. For more information, follow this link to the Firewise page on the Edgewood web site: https://www.plsbca.org/edgewood/hoaBiz/firewise/index.php
My hope is for our community to not succumb to the scare tactics of some, but to instead educate ourselves to the real risks, make sure that our own property is protected by following Firewise recommendations, and to continue to learn and work together for a better community.
Your neighbor, Sue Oemichen
August 29, 2018
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact: Michael Dawson, Water Quality Manager Jefferson County Public Health 360-385-9444 x301
SHELLFISH HARVESTING OF ALL SPECIES AT FORT FLAGLER, MYSTERY BAY AND KILISUT HARBOR CLOSED DUE TO BIOTOXINS
For more details, click on https://www.jeffersoncountypublichealth.org/CivicAlerts.aspx?AID=199
NOTICE TO WATER SYSTEM USERS COLIFORM MAXIMUM CONTAMINATE LEVEL (MCL) EXCEEDED – NON-ACUTE MCL AND TEMPORARY WATER SYSTEM CHLORINATION
- Initial sample on Crestview Drive.: Positive for Total Coliform
- Follow up on samples on Crestview Drive.: Positive for Total Coliform
- Wells 14 and 16: Negative for all coliform
- Sample at Reservoir D (Teal Lake Rd.): Positive for Total Coliform
- Call Jefferson County Animal Services via the Sheriff Dispatcher at 360-344-9779, ext. 0
- If you have captured the animal, Do not harm the animal.
- Do not allow other persons to come in contact with the animal.
- Capture the bat, using heavy gloves, and call Jefferson County Public Health to have the bat tested. 360- 385-9400. Instructions for safely capturing bats for rabies testing: https://www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/5100/420-190-BatTransportInstructions.pdf
- If the bat was not captured, go to the emergency room to be evaluated for treatment with rabies vaccine and rabies immune globulin (RIG).
PLVC website is built and maintained by NSB DESIGN CO (Caleb Summerfelt)
- Recycling is not going away.
- Recycling markets are international, and changes in Chinese policy have affected recycling programs, especially on the west coast of the United States. These changes have affected mostly mixed paper and plastic collection markets, but thus far we are not impacted.
- Contamination reduces and even eliminates the market value of recycled materials. Waste in Jefferson County is less contaminated that most due to multi-stream recycling and this helps our situation locally.
- Follow the County Guidelines on the County’s Recycling Flyer.
- County officials, their partners, and the Solid Waste Advisory Commission will advise us regarding any changes needed in recycling practices.
- The best source of information is the regularly up-dated county web site at https://jeffersoncountysolidwaste.com/